Application Type Detail

An inkjet printer is a type of printer that uses thin nozzles at the tip of the ink head to eject ink onto paper for printing. If air bubbles are introduced when ink is ejected, they can cause printing errors such as misprinting and nozzle clogging during printing. Bubbles are caused by the precipitation of dissolved gases due to repeated pressurization and depressurization of the ink head or heating.

There are several methods for deaerating ink, including vacuum treatment, heating treatment, and ultrasonic treatment. Among these methods, the hollow fiber membrane module, which is a type of vacuum treatment, is widely used because it does not change the composition of the ink and saves space.

Image caption – Ink Deaeration

Degassing with hollow fiber membrane modules is simple. By flowing ink through the hollow fiber membrane and depressurizing the outside with a vacuum pump, the dissolved gases contained in the ink permeate through the membrane and are continuously removed from the ink. (See figure at bottom).

UV-curable inks often used in inkjet printers for large-size printers are highly viscous at room temperature, and heating reduces their viscosity. Heating lowers the pressure drop in the membrane module and increases throughput, so the degassing process can be made more efficient by heating the ink.

Image caption – Ink Deaeration

NAGASEP’s silicon hollow fiber membrane demonstrates excellent heat resistance of up to 200°C and outstanding solvent resistance, making it suitable for ink deaeration modules. The maximum usable temperature depends on the material of the container used. For example, it can reach up to 80°C with polyvinyl chloride, 120°C with polycarbonate, and 200°C with aluminum.

Image caption – Ink Deaeration

In addition to the internal perfusion modules that allow ink to flow inside the hollow fibers, NAGASEP also offers external perfusion modules that weave the hollow fibers in a gauze-like structure. The external perfusion modules have higher deaeration performance due to improved contact efficiency between the dissolved gases and the membrane. Furthermore, these modules have lower pressure loss compared to the internal perfusion modules, which is another notable feature.